Older Conservative News Consumers Want Journalists to Remain ‘Neutral on Every Issue’, Including Racism and Climate Change
New research finds attitudes towards journalistic objectivity are splitting across generational and ideological lines
According to new research from the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, a gap is growing between older right-wing news consumers and younger news consumers on the left about whether journalists should remain neutral on “every issue.”
Among right-wing news consumers, 82% said they believe news outlets should remain “neutral on every issue” compared to 40% of left-leaning news consumers.
On the flip side, a majority of left-wing news consumers (54%) agreed “there are some issues where it makes no sense for news outlets to try to be neutral,” such as issues like climate change science or systemic racism.
Only 11% of right-leaning news consumers shared that view, while news consumers who self-identify as “centre” split 63%-25% on the question.
Generational shift in journalism: Aside from ideological leanings, the Reuters Institute notes age is a big factor underlying the gap, noting many younger news consumers believe journalism has a duty to accuracy as well as to “morality and social justice.”
While older news consumers believe journalists have a duty to present them with a “marketplace of ideas,” the report speculates younger news consumers are skeptical of “neutrality” and “impartiality” in light of the prominence of issues like systemic racism, gender equality and the rise of the far-right in recent years:
“Older people and those on the political right tend to more strongly advocate for the inclusion of all perspectives. But among younger people and those on the political left, these feelings are weaker. It may be that these latter groups are more attuned to issues which make them think differently. Here, social movements like Black Lives Matter and #MeToo, which took off on the social media platforms that younger people turn to and which have found support on the political left, as well as concerns about rising science scepticism and right-wing extremism, inform views on the role of journalists in being more decisive. There is emphasis on journalism’s duty to accuracy and to the facts, as well as to morality and social justice.”
In fact, the report notes that focus group respondents who believed both sides should be given equal time took a “more nuanced position” when presented with specific examples involving “anti-vaxxers, racists or climate change deniers”:
“When pressed, in focus groups, around specific examples (e.g. whether anti-vaxxers, racists, or climate change deniers should be given equal time), a more nuanced position emerges. In both the survey and focus groups younger groups were more likely to see the dangers in giving equal time to weaker arguments.”
Canadian j-schoolers challenging status quo: The data echoes criticisms aimed at the Canadian media establishment in recent years — last year, students at Carleton University’s School of Journalism collected 5,000 signatures in support of a call to action to address systemic racism in Canadian journalism institutions.
One call to action explicitly identifies the concept of journalistic objectivity, noting that the concept is itself designed to police public discourse:
“The concept of ‘objectivity’, a recurring theme examined in all journalism courses, should be thoroughly deconstructed to explore how the term became the industry’s bedrock and who it ultimately serves and silences. The school must, therefore, acknowledge that the current understanding of journalistic ‘objectivity’ was created by white, straight, cis-male journalists whose human rights were never at risk by keeping silent in the name of their craft.”
The stories of BIPOC @JSchool_CU alumni in these calls to action are concerning.
As important as it is for media outlets to be more representative, equitable & thoughtful about racism/racial issues, it’s incumbent upon journalism schools to do the same.https://t.co/8xUNLxgoTa
— Canadian Association of Journalists (@caj) June 11, 2020
CBC Ombudsman lectures teen journalists: Last fall, CBC’s Ombudsman issued a ruling that found a youth news program violated CBC’s journalistic standards on “balance” and “impartiality” because a segment on JK Rowling’s transphobic tweets failed to include viewpoints defending Rowling’s tweets.
At the time, trans rights advocate Morgane Oger noted CBC’s Ombudsman appeared to be taking the position that “balanced journalism includes representing views that Canadian human rights law prohibits enacting.”
— PressProgress (@pressprogress) November 2, 2020
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