News This article is more than 7 months old

Canada’s ‘Immigration Holding Centres’ Could Be a Dangerous Hot Spot During the Coronavirus Pandemic

Experts warn detained refugees are ‘sitting ducks’ during an outbreak

March 31, 2020

Refugees detained at “immigration holding centres” operated by the Canadian Border Security Agency in Ontario, Québec and British Columbia are at great risk during the coronavirus pandemic, warn experts.

Several detainees at the Laval Immigration Holding Centre are currently continuing a  hunger strike to draw public attention to the crowded conditions and unsafe conditions at the facility during the pandemic.

Three dozen detainees at the holding centre began the hunger strike last week and signed an open letter to Public Safety Minister Bill Blair and CBSA President John Ossowski warning of unhealthy and unsafe conditions in the facilities.

“We believe that we are at high risk,” the letter states, explaining they are forced into very close quarters with guards and detainees are not given proper testing.

CBSA’s Laval Immigration Holding Centre (Wikimedia)

Stephen Kaduuli, a refugee rights analyst with Citizens For Public Justice, said that detainees “feel like sitting ducks.”

“They fear that due to being held in a confined space, their health might be in danger due to the prevailing Covid-19 pandemic,” Kaduuli told PressProgress, noting concerns about “staff and guards coming in and out of the facility every day.”

They fear that these personnel could ‘import’ the virus into the centre.”

“There is a very high risk for infectious diseases like the highly contagious Covid-19 to spread easily,” Kaduuli added. “Social distancing is virtually impossible in a detention centre.”

The CBSA disputes suggestions that its holding centres could become a potential hot spot for the virus, noting “several additional measures have been taken to prevent the spread of COVID-19 at the Laval Immigration Holding Centre.”

The Laval holding centre “ensures that there is a distance between the detainees and has introduced two time slots for each meal, so that they can eat alone at their table,” a CBSA spokesperson told PressProgress.

CBSA said it has set-up a “teleconferencing service” so detainees don’t have to travel for hearings, banned visitors and put in place “enhanced hygiene measures.”

“The health and safety of all our employees and detainees is of primary importance to the CBSA,” the spokesperson emphasized.

Despite those assurances, the CBSA confirmed to TVO on Monday that a guard at its Toronto holding centre had tested positive for COVID-19.

Likewise, some medical experts also suggest tight spaces and crowded conditions in CBSA holding centres are jeopardizing public health.

“It is a public imperative to release them immediately,” Dr. Nazila Bettache recently told CTV News.

“Removals or deportations from Canada are suspended due to the pandemic,” noted Kaduuli. “The detainees, like the rest of the world, must be traumatized by fear of this unknown disease.” 



Journalism is an important public service. That’s why we’re prioritizing stories aimed at keeping Canadians safe and holding the powerful accountable.

COVID-19 Special Investigations

We’re Launching a Special Investigative Journalism Initiative in Response to the Coronavirus Emergency

We're protecting Canadians by holding the powerful accountable

March 30, 2020

We believe journalism is a public service.

One of the core principles guiding PressProgress ethics statement and policies on journalistic standards is our commitment to serving the public interest.

That’s why we’re launching COVID-19 Special Investigations, a new initiative in response to the coronavirus emergency.

Over the last few weeks, we’ve been digging into stories about issues impacting workers and vulnerable Canadians. Everything from sick leave policies…